One of the most important drivers to electrify traﬃc and transportation are the zero emission levels – at least locally – of CO2, NOx and particles. Another signiﬁcant driver is the energy eﬃciency of electric vehicle which is substantially better than in conventional combustion engine powered vehicles. According to some studies the total eﬃciency of electric vehicles from well to wheel is three times as good as the total eﬃciency of petrol driven vehicles.
The European and national emission reduction target levels for traﬃc have been set for 2020 and beyond. It is quite obvious that the targets cannot be met without reducing remarkably the use of fossil fuels, and shifting to electric power in transportation and logistics. Similar mindset was also in the background in 2009-2010 when the studies about the meaning and importance of electric cars and electric mobility for Finnish society in the years to come were carried out. The main result of these studies was the identiﬁcation of business possibilities for Finnish industry in the ﬁelds of mobile machinery electriﬁcation, vehicle software, charging technology, automotive industry components and electric mobility infrastructure.
All these signiﬁcant business potentials gave the Funding Agency for Innovation Tekes a good motivation to launch a speciﬁc programme in the ﬁeld of electric mobility in 2011.
The main target of the programme was to create an electric mobility ecosystem, that could generate new knowledge and competence in EV related technologies and services. From the very beginning all the development was focused on international business opportunities. The programme wanted to establish contacts also to international programmes and important business actors.The main approach in the EVE programme was to emphasize piloting, testing and demonstration projects.
As firect results of EVE programme roughly ten new start-ups have been founded and existing companies have increased remarkably their business volume in international markets. Two good examples of the startups are Virta Ltd. and Linkker Oy. Both companies were founded during the programme and have already created business outside Finland. Other good examples are Visedo and Plugit Finland, who both have already created large business on EV related technologies and services.